Do you think internal ejaculation is a must to get pregnant? Think again ! Although widespread, internal ejaculation is not necessary to conceive. However, this idea may well be tested by cases that demonstrate the opposite. In this article, we will look at the different situations and discuss common misconceptions around this topic. Get ready to discover surprising aspects of human fertility.
Understanding the basics of fertility and fertilization
To calmly approach this question, it is first necessary to lay the foundations in terms of fertility and fertilization. Fertilization occurs when a sperm meets an egg. Sperm are contained in semen, produced by the man during ejaculation. In women, the egg is released once a month during ovulation.
The importance of ovulation
L'ovulation, that is to say the release of the egg from the ovary, generally takes place only once per menstrual cycle. Thus, a woman's fertile period is limited to a few days around ovulation.
The chances of fertilization
The concentration of sperm in an ejaculate is usually very high, and it only takes one to fertilize an egg. Thus, the chances of fertilization are large during unprotected sex with internal ejaculation.
Fertilization without internal ejaculation: myth or reality?
Withdrawal before ejaculation
Some people believe that removing the penis before ejaculation reduces the chance of getting pregnant. However, this method, often called "withdrawal method", is not infallible. In fact, there is always a risk of fertilization if sperm are present near the vulva or at the entrance to the vagina. In addition, some men can emit a few drops of semen before ejaculation itself.
External ejaculation and sperm survival
Sperm can survive for several minutes outside the male body. It would therefore be enough for sperm present on the fingers, for example, to be introduced near the vulva or into the vagina for there to be a risk of fertilization. That said, it must be emphasized that this risk is much less significant than during internal ejaculation.
Pre-ejaculatory fluid and the risk of pregnancy
An important consideration in the discussion of fertilization without internal ejaculation is the role of pre-ejaculatory fluid. This fluid, released before ejaculation, may contain sperm, especially if the man ejaculated recently and has not urinated since. This means that pregnancy can potentially occur even without internal ejaculation, as demonstrated in this detailed study on the presence of sperm in pre-ejaculatory fluid, published on the website of the United States National Library of Medicine.
How to avoid getting pregnant without internal ejaculation?
To avoid pregnancy after internal ejaculation, there are several options, but it is important to note that no method is absolutely foolproof other than abstinence.
Reminder on recommended contraceptive methods
To limit the risk of getting pregnant without internal ejaculation, it is recommended to use appropriate contraceptive methods. Several options are available:
- Condoms, which must be used correctly every time you have sex, also provide protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
- The contraceptive pill : It should be taken as soon as possible after unprotected sex. The sooner it is taken, the more effective it is.
- The intrauterine device (IUD), or IUD, which is inserted by a health professional into the uterus is a long-lasting method of contraception, which can remain in place for 3 to 10 years.
- Contraceptive implants, a small stick inserted under the skin of the arm. It releases hormones to prevent ovulation and are also placed by a healthcare professional.
Prevent the risks of pregnancy
To prevent unwanted pregnancies, it is important to choose a regular method of contraception that suits your needs and lifestyle. If you have concerns about possible pregnancy after unprotected sex, it is advisable to take a pregnancy test. The ideal time to perform it is generally 2 to 3 weeks after intercourse, which allows the hCG hormone, an indicator of pregnancy, to be accurately detected. Pregnancy tests are available in pharmacies and can be easily done at home.
Getting pregnant without internal ejaculation is an uncommon but not impossible phenomenon. In all cases, it is preferable to use an adequate contraceptive method to avoid unwanted pregnancy. If you think you have been exposed to a risk of pregnancy, do not hesitate to consult your doctor or a competent healthcare professional for appropriate advice.