Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder in women, which is characterized by the accumulation of small cysts in the ovarian tissues and the development of hormonal imbalance. PCOS can cause symptoms such as irregular periods, mood swings, weight gain and difficulty conceiving a child. Although this condition is not considered a serious illness, it can be very frustrating and have negative effects on the quality of life of those affected.
In this article, we'll look at the causes of PCOS and its possible symptoms, as well as commonly used diagnosis and treatment methods. We will also discuss current research on this topic and discuss steps to take to prevent PCOS.
What is polycystic ovary syndrome?
PCOS is a chronic ovarian dystrophy caused by dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HHO) axis. This dysfunction causes excess sebum production, abnormal accumulation of fluid around the ovaries and, in some cases, abnormal development of fat cells in the belly and pelvis. In more severe cases, PCOS can also lead to ovarian failure and complete absence of ovulation.
What are the symptoms of polycystic ovaries?
Symptoms associated with PCOS are varied and can include:
- Abundant periods or irregular.
- Unexplained weight gain
- Hirsutism (excessive growth of body hair).
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Psychological suffering
Although these symptoms can be bothersome and confusing, it is important to note that the polycystic ovary syndrome does not cause incurable diseases or fatal diseases.
What Causes Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
There are several factors that can cause the polycystic ovary syndrome, especially :
- Genetics – PCOS is often hereditary and can be inadvertently passed down through generations
- A diet rich in carbohydrates and saturated fatty acids
- A sedentary lifestyle
- Excess physical and mental stress
- Drug or alcohol abuse
Although there are different factors that can contribute to PCOS, it is important to note that none of them are directly responsible for the condition.
For example, some people who eat a diet high in carbohydrates and saturated fat may not be affected by PCOS and vice versa.
What are the diagnostic methods for PCOS?
The diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome usually begins with a physical examination and a clinical history. If the doctor suspects the possible presence of PCOS, he may order various tests, including:
- Urine test to measure hormone levels.
- Abdominal ultrasound to measure the size of the ovaries.
- MRI scanner to detect the presence of cysts.
- Blood test to measure testosterone concentration.
If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is important that the patient receives appropriate treatment to reduce symptoms and prevent progression of the disease. polycystic ovary syndrome.
What are the treatments for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
Treatment for PCOS can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the symptoms exhibited. The most commonly prescribed treatments include:
- Hormones : doctors can prescribe hormone medications to help restore hormonal balance and reduce symptoms.
- Acupuncture: this alternative therapy can help reduce stress and relieve pain associated with polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Lifestyle change: a healthy diet and regular exercise can help improve ovarian function and reduce symptoms.
- Ovarian stimulation: this technique involves stimulating ovulation, which can improve fertility and help reduce infertility associated with PCOS.
Polycystic ovary syndrome research
Many studies are currently being conducted to better understand PCOS and develop new treatment methods. Research focuses primarily on the potential causes and risk factors of PCOS, as well as the effectiveness of current and future treatments.
Recent studies have shown that taking nutritional supplements, such as vitamin E and vitamin B6, can help reduce symptoms and control PCOS. Further studies are needed to confirm these results and conclude whether these supplements can represent an effective treatment.
How to prevent polycystic ovary syndrome?
PCOS is a complex condition whose exact causes are not yet fully understood. However, there are steps you can take to reduce your risk of developing PCOS, including:
- Eat healthy and exercise regularly.
- Manage stress and find healthy ways to deal with it.
- Take nutritional supplements and vitamins.
- Limit the use of chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
- Adopt optimal personal hygiene.
How to get pregnant with polycystic ovaries?
It may be more difficult for women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) to get pregnant, as the disorder can cause hormonal disruptions and trouble ovulation. However, there are treatment options to help women with PCOS get pregnant.
PCOS is a common endocrine disorder in women that can lead to bothersome and upsetting symptoms. Although this condition is not considered a serious illness, it can have adverse effects on the quality of life of those affected. Studies are currently being conducted to better understand PCOS and develop more effective treatment methods. Finally, there are steps people can take to reduce their risk of developing the polycystic ovary syndrome.