The vaginal yeast infections, also known as vulvovaginal candidiasis ou vaginal candidiasis, are so common that most women will experience several infections in their lifetime. A vaginal yeast infection is actually a type of vaginitis whose symptoms may include vaginal discharge, itching, burning, vulvar irritation, pain or strong odor. While some vaginal infections are caused by sexually transmitted diseases, some very common ones are not.
Causes of Vaginal Infections
The mushroom candida albicans is responsible for most vaginal yeast infections. The vagina naturally contains a healthy balance of yeast and bacteria. Some bacteria called lactobacilli make it possible to limit proliferation yeasts. However, when something disturbs this balance, the yeast grows out of control resulting in the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection. Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungi can be more difficult to treat and usually require more extensive treatments.
Risk Factors For Vaginal Infections
La loss of chemical balance in your vagina can lead to the multiplication of candidas. Several factors can cause a yeast overgrowth and lead to vaginal yeast infection.
Vaginal Sprays or Douches
A Weakened Immune System
Symptoms Of Vaginal Infection
A vaginal infection is a fungal infection which causes intense irritation, discharge and itching in the vagina and vulva. The vaginal yeast infection symptoms the most common usually include:
- Itching and irritation of the vagina and vulva.
- A burning sensation, especially during intercourse or while urinating
- Redness and swelling of the vulva.
- Pain in the vagina.
- Thick, white vaginal discharge that looks like cottage cheese.
The Different Types of Vaginal Infections
Vaginal yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted infection, are the three types of infections the most common.
It is the most common infection. The candida are naturally present in your body in small numbers. However, when certain conditions are met, an overgrowth of candida can occur and cause a vaginal infection.
In addition to White discharge Similar to cottage cheese, yeast infections can also cause vaginal itching and redness of the vulva and vagina.
Besides yeast, healthy bacteria called lactobacilli are also present in the vagina. When the number of lactobacilli becomes too low, it can trigger an infection called bacterial vaginosis.
In case of bacterial vaginosis, a woman can observe white discharge or perceive an unpleasant odor especially during sexual intercourse.
Among the three most common vaginal infections, trichomonas vaginitis, also called trichomoniasis, is the only pathology that is a sexually transmitted infection (IST). This infection is caused by a parasite, trichomonas vaginalis, which is transmitted during sexual intercourse from one partner to another.
The symptoms of trichomoniasis are similar to those of other vaginal infections. Some women feel greenish vaginal discharge, burning sensations, strong odor, irritation, pain during urination, redness or swelling of the vulva.
Treatment Of Vaginal Infections
All of these infections can be treated. Antifungal creams, ointments, or suppositories are the most common products for treating yeast infections. However, it is important to know what type of infection you have so that you can treat it properly. To do this, your doctor will suggest the treatment best suited to your case.
How To Avoid Vaginal Yeast Infections?
You can often prevent vaginal yeast infections by making a few simple changes to your lifestyle and avoiding the use of products that could disrupt your vaginal flora. Avoid using douches, feminine deodorants, tampons, or scented pads. Remove wet clothes such as menstrual swimwear as soon as possible and prefer water-based lubricants during sexual intercourse.