Vaginal Infections (Causes, Symptoms & Treatments)

vaginal infection symptom and treatment

The vaginal yeast infections, also known as vulvovaginal candidiasis ou vaginal candidiasis, are so common that most women will experience several infections in their lifetime. A vaginal yeast infection is actually a type of vaginitis whose symptoms may include vaginal discharge, itching, burning, vulvar irritation, pain or strong odor. While some vaginal infections are caused by sexually transmitted diseases, some very common ones are not.

Causes of Vaginal Infections

The mushroom candida albicans is responsible for most vaginal yeast infections. The vagina naturally contains a healthy balance of yeast and bacteria. Some bacteria called lactobacilli make it possible to limit proliferation yeasts. However, when something disturbs this balance, the yeast grows out of control resulting in the signs and symptoms of a yeast infection. Yeast infections caused by other types of candida fungi can be more difficult to treat and usually require more extensive treatments.

Risk Factors For Vaginal Infections

causes of vaginal infections

La loss of chemical balance in your vagina can lead to the multiplication of candidas. Several factors can cause a yeast overgrowth and lead to vaginal yeast infection.

  • Hormones

Changes that occur during pregnancy, breastfeeding, menopause, or taking birth control pills can alter the balance of your vagina. Yeast infections are more common in women with higher estrogen levels overall.
  • Antibiotics

Yeast infections are common in women who take antibiotics. These broad-spectrum medications can decrease the amount of good bacteria (lactobacilli) in your vagina, which can lead to yeast overgrowth.
  • Diabetes

Women with poorly controlled blood sugar are more prone to yeast infections. The increased sugar in the mucous membranes can create a place for yeast to grow.
  • Vaginal Sprays or Douches

These practices can eliminate some of the bacteria that protect you against infections that are naturally present in the vagina.
  • A Weakened Immune System

When you have an immune system disorder, yeast is more likely to grow out of control.

Symptoms Of Vaginal Infection

A vaginal infection is a fungal infection which causes intense irritation, discharge and itching in the vagina and vulva. The vaginal yeast infection symptoms the most common usually include:

  • Itching and irritation of the vagina and vulva.
  • A burning sensation, especially during intercourse or while urinating
  • Redness and swelling of the vulva.
  • Pain in the vagina.
  • Thick, white vaginal discharge that looks like cottage cheese.

    The Different Types of Vaginal Infections

    the different vaginal infections

    Vaginal yeast infections, bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted infection, are the three types of infections the most common.

    • Yeast Infections

    It is the most common infection. The candida are naturally present in your body in small numbers. However, when certain conditions are met, an overgrowth of candida can occur and cause a vaginal infection.

    In addition to White discharge Similar to cottage cheese, yeast infections can also cause vaginal itching and redness of the vulva and vagina.

    • Bacterial Vaginosis

    Besides yeast, healthy bacteria called lactobacilli are also present in the vagina. When the number of lactobacilli becomes too low, it can trigger an infection called bacterial vaginosis.

    In case of bacterial vaginosis, a woman can observe white discharge or perceive an unpleasant odor especially during sexual intercourse.

    • Trichomoniasis

    Among the three most common vaginal infections, trichomonas vaginitis, also called trichomoniasis, is the only pathology that is a sexually transmitted infection (IST). This infection is caused by a parasite, trichomonas vaginalis, which is transmitted during sexual intercourse from one partner to another.

    The symptoms of trichomoniasis are similar to those of other vaginal infections. Some women feel greenish vaginal discharge, burning sensations, strong odor, irritation, pain during urination, redness or swelling of the vulva.

    Treatment Of Vaginal Infections

    All of these infections can be treated. Antifungal creams, ointments, or suppositories are the most common products for treating yeast infections. However, it is important to know what type of infection you have so that you can treat it properly. To do this, your doctor will suggest the treatment best suited to your case.

    How To Avoid Vaginal Yeast Infections?

    You can often prevent vaginal yeast infections by making a few simple changes to your lifestyle and avoiding the use of products that could disrupt your vaginal flora. Avoid using douches, feminine deodorants, tampons, or scented pads. Remove wet clothes such as menstrual swimwear as soon as possible and prefer water-based lubricants during sexual intercourse.

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    The articles on the site contain general information which may contain errors. These articles should in no way be considered as medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. If you have any questions or doubts, always make an appointment with your doctor or gynecologist.

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