It is estimated that approximately 80 to 90% of women present some symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) during their lives. Premenstrual syndrome, which has nothing to do with toxic shock syndrome, is a disorder that appears a few days before menstruation begins. Symptoms can be physical, psychological, emotional, environmental or behavioral. He affects your daily life but also little harm your social relationships. The physical and emotional changes you experience with PMS varies with each woman. Teenage girls often have moderate to severe symptoms, while older women seem to have more severe symptoms, the severity of disease worsens with age until menopause. Yet you don't have to let these issues control your life. Treatments and lifestyle adjustments can help you reduce the signs and symptoms of PMS.
Premenstrual Syndrome SymptomsPremenstrual syndrome has become a medical condition taken very seriously in recent years. The list potential signs and symptoms PMS is long, but most women only experience a few of these issues.
Emotional and Behavioral Symptoms
- Tension or anxiety
- depressed mood
- Mood swings and irritability or anger
- Loss of appetite and food cravings
- Difficulty falling asleep (insomnia)
- Withdrawal from social life
- Concentration problem
- Change in libido
For some, physical pain and emotional stress are severe enough to affect their daily lives. For most women, no matter how severe the symptoms are, they usually go away within four days of the start of the menstrual cycle. But a small number of women with PMS may even experience disabling symptoms.
The Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome
It's not clear exactly what causes PMS, but several factors can contribute:
- Cyclical changes in hormones. The signs and symptoms of PMS change with hormonal fluctuations and disappear with pregnancy and menopause.
- Chemical changes in the brain. Fluctuations in the brain chemical (neurotransmitter) serotonin appear to play a crucial role in mood swings and may trigger PMS symptoms. Insufficient amounts of serotonin can contribute to premenstrual depression, as well as fatigue, food cravings, and sleep problems.
- The Depression. Some women with severe PMS have undiagnosed depression, although depression alone does not cause all symptoms.
Alleviating Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms
You can take steps to relieve your symptoms. If you have a mild or moderate form of PMS, try one of the following options:
- Drink lots of water to relieve bloating
- Have a balanced diet
- Reduce your consumption sugar, salt, caffeine and alcohol
- Taking supplements, such as folic acid, vitamin B-6, calcium, and magnesium, to reduce cramps and mood swings
- Taking vitamin D to reduce symptoms
- Sleep seven to eight hours per night to reduce fatigue
- To exercise to reduce bloating and improve your mental health
- Try to rreduce stress doing yoga or meditation
- Go to therapy cognitive and behavioral
- Wear period panties comfortable and comforting
You can also take medications such as ibuprofen or aspirin to relieve muscle aches, headaches, menstrual cramps and pain. You can also try a diuretic to stop bloating and fluid retention. Only take medications and supplements as directed by your doctor after talking to him about it.
When To See A Doctor?
See your doctor if physical aches, mood swings, or other symptoms begin to affect your daily life, or if your symptoms do not go away. Your doctor may ask you about your history of depression or period disorders in your family to determine if your symptoms are the result of PMS or another condition altogether.