It is not uncommon for a woman to have irregular rules. In reality, only very few women experience menstrual bleeding at regular intervals, especially when they are not taking the pill. The rules are controlled by the hormones which depend on both external and physical factors. The course of menstrual cycle can fluctuate over a few months or over a lifetime. However, when the menstrual cycle does not occur at regular intervals, as the periods are scanty, too abundant, whether they occur too often, too rarely or if there is intermenstrual bleeding, we then speak of menstrual disorders.
When Can We Talk About Irregular Periods?
The rhythm and duration of the cycle are determined by the hormonal processes and interactions in the body up to the onset of menopause. Of slight fluctuations are quite normal in the menstrual cycle. Your menstrual cycle is counted from the first day of your last period until the start of your next period. Your periods are considered to be irregular when your cycle lasts more than 38 days, less than 24 days or when its duration varies enormously from month to month. In study published in March 2019, 14% of women aged 19 to 54 reported having irregular periods.
Turnkey irregular periods are completely normal in young women at the time of puberty. Most of girls have their first period between 10 and 15 years old, but some have them earlier and others later. The first period are known as menarche. Although every woman has a menstrual cycle which varies during his life, with age, the cycle tends to stabilize with a similar duration between each period of menstruation. However, it is not uncommon for this to fluctuate by a few days.
Why Are Your Periods Irregular?
Many variables can affect the length and timing of your period. Of the irregular periods can have several origins ranging from a hormonal imbalance, to stress, to a change in lifestyle but also to other pathologies which need to be evaluated by your doctor. The same applies to large variations in weight, obesity, anorexia, poor nutrition or diets. The period fluctuations are also normal after pregnancy or breastfeeding.
What Causes Irregular Periods?
Sometimes irregular periods can be caused by certain medications, excessive physical activity, eating disorders (diet, weight loss, etc.) or while breastfeeding. The hormonal imbalances can also cause irregular periods. For example, thyroid hormone levels that are too low or too high can cause problems with cycle regularity. It is also possible that you are currently experiencing a phase of unusual emotional or physical stress which can seriously disrupt the hormonal system.
Turnkey more serious illnesses such as ovarian cyst syndrome, fibroids but also cancer of the uterus, cause the cycle to fluctuate, as do infections of the fallopian tubes and ovaries. However, these also result in abdominal pain severe and bleeding between periods. Similarly, repeated miscarriages can trigger irregular periods.
Among the most common causes of irregular periods, we find :
- Menarche (during the first two years after the start of menstruation)
- Menopause (perimenopause)
- Pregnancy or breastfeeding
- A change in contraceptive method
- Health problems (polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), thyroid, fibroid, cervical abnormality)
- Stress or excessive physical activity
- eating disorders
How to Calculate Ovulation With Irregular Periods?
It is precisely because of cycle irregularities that there is no reliable method for calculate ovulation with high accuracy even when using apps for menstruation. Although irregular periods do not necessarily indicate a serious problem, they can lead to difficulties in get pregnant. This can be especially the case if you don't know when your ovulation is from cycle to cycle. Indeed, it is often not easy for women with irregular periods to accurately determine the day of their ovulation.
With irregular cycles, getting pregnant may take longer even when trying to trigger your period, but it is doable. However, there are a few methods that can reduce this range.
You can first opt for a ovulation test who analyzes urine to detect the presence luteinizing hormone (HL). A rapid rise in this hormone is frequently an indication that ovulation is likely to occur within 24 hours. However, in case of irregular periods, it is more difficult to use ovulation tests because you cannot accurately estimate when ovulation will occur. In this case, you can perform this test a few days after your period has stopped.
Basal Body Temperature
Before ovulation, the body temperature is normally between 36,2°C and 36,5°C. measure your basal body temperature with a thermometer as soon as you wake up. Since the temperature rises only after ovulation. A slight increase means ovulation has occurred.
Also remember to monitor your cervical mucus at the entrance to the vagina. Cervical mucus becomes wetter, slippery and stretchy around ovulation. This way you should be able to deduce your ovulation period.
Menstrual Panties As Hygienic Protection
To protect themselves in the event of irregular periods, menstrual panties remain one of the best options. For this, you just have to put on your menstrual panties like any of your underwear to benefit from a comfort and a effective hygienic protection in case of unforeseen rules or white discharge before period. Menstrual panties just like the menstrual thong has the particularity of having an ultra-absorbent insert directly integrated which allows it to absorb menstrual blood and retain odors without any feeling of discomfort.
What to do in case of irregular periods?
Turnkey irregular periods recurring can have a serious impact on your health in the short and long term. They can generate a wide range of health problems more serious and cause unpleasant symptoms. The health of your menstrual cycle is linked to your heart health, metabolism, sleep, fertility, and more. This is why it is important to detect any possible problem as early as possible by consulting your doctor or gynecologist.